“We view the current period as a turning point, just like 1918 and 1945. Turkey is in every way a central country, as a creator of regional stability. However much the USA and Turkey can work in unison, that is how effective they will be,” Atlantic Council President Frederick Kempe said during the summit.
Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Kuwait have worked closely with the United States to push the Alawite Shi’a regime of Bashar al-Assad from power in Syria. According to Hariri’s source the Shi’ite regime installed in Baghdad has frustrated the effort to enable to jihadist mercenaries in Syria and stands in the way of the ongoing effort to diminish the power of Iran.
“Had Baghdad been more cooperative about the Syrian oil fields at Deir-Ez-Zor in early 2013 and about autonomy for the North [Iraq's northern, predominantly Kurdish region] they would possibly not have turned against al-Maliki,” the source said.
ISIS in Syria was scheduled to control Deir-Ez-Zor by August of 2013, but the timeline was sidelined when Britain decided not to support the bombing of Syria. The lack of air strikes allowed the Syrian government to run both ISIS and Jabhat al-Nusra out of Deir-Ez-Zor and relinquish control of the al-Thayem oil field.
The ISIS offensive in Iraq resulted in empowering the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) and handing over oil installations in the disputed Kirkuk province.
Exxon Mobil, Chevron and Total are negotiating with the KRG to gain access to the oil. In 1998 it was demonstrated that the Kirkuk Field had 10 billion barrels of proven remaining oil reserves. TheKirkuk–Ceyhan Oil Pipeline runs through ISIS held territory to Ceyhan, Turkey.